Five important Municipality Norms you should know before build your House

 Five important Municipality Norms you should know before build your House
Five important Municipality Norms you should know before build your House

Today we will discuss  Five important Municipality Norms you should know before build your House  .If you are planning to construction and design of your dream house, Office, complex any Building Structure, you need to full fil Laws and Norms that provided by Municipality before Build your structures. Those Five mandatory Norms are Given below :

Five important Municipality Norms

  1. Ground Coverage:

In simple language, Ground Coverage can be easily defined as the maximum area covered by Building. That means, It gives you an idea about what is the exact percentage that you should cover an area for your building over total land area or Plot area to build a structure.

Some Basic rules of Ground Coverage as per IS Standard:

  • If your Total plot area or land area is up to 8 Ana, you can use 70% Ground Coverage. (That means if your Plot area is up to 8 ana you can use 70 % area to build your house)
  • If your Total plot area is varies from 8 Ana  to 1 Ropani , You can use 60% Ground Coverage.
  • If your Total plot area is More than 1 Ropani , You can use 50% Ground Coverage only.


1 Ana= 342.25 Sq.ft.

1 Ropani= 16 Ana

1 Ana = 4 Paisa

1 Paisa= 4 Dam

1 Bigha= 20 Kattha

1 Kathha= 20 Dhur

1 Dhur= 182.25 Sqft.


  1. F.A.R. (Floor Area Ratio):

It is the ratio of your Total Building area (Plinth area) to Total Plot or Land area.

FAR= (total Plinth area of Building / Total Plot Area)

In Nepal, Generally FAR = 1.5 to 4.5

For Residence Building, FAR= 1.75

Floor area ratio

In case of Kathmandu , Nepal = If you construct Complex building you can use FAR  up to 4.5 , but You should follow more norms and laws as per  Kathymandu Municipality.

(If your Plot area is 1000 Sqft then Your Building area = 1.75*1000 = 1750 Sqft. That means You can Cover  1750 sqft  to build your Building )

Where, Total plinth area = Total area inside wall and Column of each floors of the building.

If you have  3- Storey house and each floor contains 1000 sqft area inside wall & column then Total Plinth area= 3*1000= 3000sqft.

Note: We should not take , Parking area, Basement area, Balcony area, Staircase area to Calculate F.A.R.

  1. Height of Building:

It is another Essential Norms and should be known by technical person and Owner that how many Storey or Floor you can construct your Building as per your Plot area.

Generally, For Residential Zone  , Height of  Building Can be taken up to 30 -40 Feet. (that is , 3.5 to 4 storey)

If You have taken  maximum FAR and minimum Ground coverage at that time you can construct your building up to 4 storey i.e. 40 ft.


  1. Set Back Distance:

It is the Minimum Distance from Road to Your Structure or Building.

Generally Set Back distance is  taken from 1.5 meter to 5 meter  as per your Municipality  By-laws. But be sure it will be not less than 1.5 meter.

Note:  In General, Road width  Must be minimum 6 meter width and then you can leave 1.5 meter Setback distance before build your House for Safe Design.

If there is Drain on road,at this situation Road  width be minimum 4 meter width and then you can leave 1.5 meter Setback distance before build your House.


In case of Road width, It will be varies as per Municipilaty laws or Road divison law on your area so better to Visit related office to cofirm.

  1. Distance for Openings:

It gives an idea about minimum distance That you should leave for Your Openings Like Windows, Door and voids from your Structure to others property line while construct or design of building.

In General, If you Put Windows on your Building you should leave minimum 5 feet distance from others attached Property.


Learnmore trick Viewers, Above 5 Norms not only full fill for safe design , These are Basic Norms but you there are many rules that you should follow before construction so I strongly suggest all to visit a good designing Consultancy before planning to build your own structure.

For more detail you can visit ERG Consultant PVT.LTD. New Baneshwor , Kathmandu for Consulting , Design, Supervision and many more Technical works they will give good Advice and Suggestions without any cost.






Leave a Comment