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- pharyngitis is the inflammation of the pharynx which called the core throat that can be acute or chronic due to causative factors affecting.
- It usually precedes illness of colds and flu that doesn’t require antibiotics unless otherwise caused by bacterial infection because most disappear on their own in weeks or less.
- Bacteria (streptococcal,staphylococcal)
- Virus (adenovirus,mononucleosis)
- Allergens( dust,mist,pollen,smokes)
- Use Tobacco
- PHARYNGITIS WITH COLDS
- Low fever
- Mild Headache
- PHARYNGITIS WITH BACTERIAL INFECTION
- Enlarges Lymph Nodes in Neck and Armpit
- Swollen Spleen
- Swollen Tonsils
- Livers Inflammation
- Red and Edematous Pharynx with Exudates
- PHARYNGITIS WITH VIRAL INFECTION THROAT
- Body malaise and fatigue
- Hoarseness of voice
- Low-Grade fever
- Buccal swab for culture and sensitivity test
- To identify bacterial infection
- Complete blood count for increase with blood cell and its differentials
- Acute pharyngitis is 72 hours
- Sub- Acute pharyngitis is 2-3 days
- Chronic pharyngitis is 7-10 days
- Recurrent pharyngitis is 1-2 weeks
- Saline gargle ( mouth wash if needed)
- Removal of allergens
- Antibiotics ( penicillin is the drug of choice)
- Medication for it disappear on its own
- Getting enough rest
- Intake of fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin-c
- Gargle with warm water with salt can help soothe a sore throat.
- Hydrate your body by increase fluids but not soft drinks and not too sweet juices
- Avoidance of spicy, oily, too cold, and too hot foods.
- Hospitalization if not swallow fluids to provide IV
- Liver cirrhosis
- Rheumatic heart disease
- Kidney inflammation
- Chronic tonsillitis with a recurrent acute attack
- Cervical abscess
- Is the inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils due to infectious ( Bacterial and Viral) and Non-Infectious( pollens, dust, mist, sand storms) factors affecting it.
- It can be Acute,sub-acute, and chronic.