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Paints and painting -Construction Material

Paints and painting -Construction Material

🙂 Author: Narendra Oli 🙂

Painting is a method of apply paint ,pigment, color or other medium to solid surface  to give asthenic beauty and to enhance life span of material. there are Various paints available in Market for different use.

Paint and Painting:

Paints are liquid composition of pigment and binders which when applied to the surface in thin coat dry to form a solid film to import the surface a decorate finishing , giving protection to the base material from weathering corrosion and other chemical and biological attacks. Paints are useful material to preserve timber structure against warping and decay. painting on surface impart decoration  , sanitation and improved illumination.

  • Paints preserve timber structure from warping and decay.
  • Paints preserve iron (metal) from corrosion.
  • Calcareous surface like lime and cement plastered surface , are highly alkaline in initial stages , they retain large quantity of water during construction and it takes long times to evaporate there fore , while applying paint on this surface it is essential to take congnisance of the stored moisture and alkality of the surface.

Characteristics of an ideal paint 

  • should provided attractive surface.
  • should durable should be easy.
  • should be durable and thin hard film.
  • should dry is certain time.
  • well spreading quality so minimum can cover large area.
  • should be free from foreign materials.
  • free from atmospheric attack.
  • free from hair crack after during.
  • should show uniform color.

A paints generally is made up of the following constituents.

  1. A base
  2. A drier
  3. A solvents or thinner s
  4. A vehicle or carrier
  5. A colouring pigment

Classification  of paints

Classification based on binders

  1. Oil paints
  2. Paints based on non-oil resins
  • Cellulose paints
  1. Water based paints
  2. Miscellaneous paints

Mixed classification types of paints

  1. Aluminum paints
  2. Asbestos paints
  3. Cellulose paints
  4. Colloidal paints
  5. Enamel paints
  6. Plastic paints
  7. Synthetics rubber paints
  8. Inodorous paints
  9. Bronze paints
  • Bituminous paints
  • Anti-corrosive paints
  • Casein paints
  • Cement based paints
  • Oil paints
  • Silicate paints

Types of  paint

A. Interiors Paints                   


  • Distemper
  • Luster
  • Enamel
  • Emulsion


  • Enamel


  • Wood Finish

B. Exteriors Paints




Defect in painting

The following defects may occur in painting works.

  1. Blistering
  2. Bloom
  3. Crawling or sagging
  4. Fading
  5. Flaking
  6. Flashing
  7. Grinning
  8. Running
  9. Saponification






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